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Kanji Information Sheet for 敗  ( PDF version of this Kanji PDF version )

stroke order illustration  
English:
failure
defeat
reversal
On-Yomi:
ハイ
Kun-Yomi:
やぶ.れる
Bushu (Radical) Info:
攴 (ぼくづくり) – folding chair
攵 (ホク, のぶん, ぼくづくり, ぼくにょう) – strike; hit; folding chair
貝 (かい) – shellfish
Henshall Mnemonic: shell ""defeated"" by striking hand
Levels: JLPT N3 | JLPT 2 (old) | Grade 4
Frequency: #516 of the 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Common Words and/or Phrases Using this Kanji:

Click any individual kanji to view a similar information sheet for it.
Click [K] to look up the word's individual character(s) at WWWJDIC.
Click [D] to look up the word at WWWJDIC (definition is the same but other useful features exist).

Click [Jisho] to look up the word at Jisho.org.

JLPT N4 Words

  •   [しっぱい]
    (adj-no,n,vs) failure; mistake; blunder   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N2 Words

  •   [しょうはい]
    (n) victory or defeat; issue (of battle)   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N1 Words

  •   [いっぱい]
    (n) one defeat   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [はいせん]
    (n,vs) defeat; losing a war   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [はいぼく]
    (n,vs) defeat (as a verb it means 'to be defeated')   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ふはい]
    (n) decay; depravity   [K] [D] [Jisho]

Other Popular Words Not Classified by JLPT

  •   [かんぱい]
    (n) complete defeat   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さんぱい]
    (n,vs) ignominious defeat; crushing failure; utterly beaten; overwhelming defeat   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ざんぱい]
    (n,vs) ignominious defeat; crushing failure; utterly beaten; overwhelming defeat   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [せきはい]
    (n,vs) regrettable defeat; defeat by a narrow margin   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [たいはい]
    (n) crushing defeat   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • れる   [やぶれる]
    (v1) to be defeated; to be unsuccessful   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [はいいん]
    (n) cause of defeat   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [はいしゃ]
    (n) the defeated; vanquished; loser   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [はいそ]
    (n) loss of a court-case   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • 退   [はいたい]
    (n,vs) being defeated; being eliminated (from competition)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [れんぱい]
    (n,vs) consecutive defeats; series of defeats   [K] [D] [Jisho]
Find more details for at jisho.org, Yookoso! or WWWJDIC

Acknowledgments

The sofware used to generate this kanji information uses the EDICT and KANJIDIC files. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group at Monash University and are used in conformance with the Group's license.

NOTE: I converted the sources just mentioned years ago and have never really updated so there may be some missing or incorrect information that has been addressed in the original sources but not here.

The first Stroke Order image used on this page is courtesy of Ulrich Apel's excellent open source KanjiVG project. The second image is from the folks at the excellent Jisho Japanese-English dictionary site and it too is based on KanjiVG.

Classifying the kanji and popular vocabulary by the new JLPT levels was done by consulting Jonathan Waller‘s JLPT Resources page, renshuu, Wictionary, and Nihongo Ichiban.

The Henshall Mnemonics are the copyright of Tuttle Publishing and are the result of the hard work by Professor Henshall. See the list I used here.

If you are curious about the lexicography shown in the word definitions, visit the WWWJDIC abbreviations and codes guide and the JMdict/Edict Lexicographical details page.