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Kanji Information Sheet for 独  ( PDF version of this Kanji PDF version )

stroke order illustration  
Bushu (Radical) Info: 犬 (いぬ) – dog
Henshall Mnemonic: insect-ridden German Shepherd dog is left alone
Levels: JLPT N1 | JLPT 1 (old) | Grade 5
Frequency: #365 of the 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Common Words and/or Phrases Using this Kanji:

Click any individual kanji to view a similar information sheet for it.
Click [K] to look up the word's individual character(s) at WWWJDIC.
Click [D] to look up the word at WWWJDIC (definition is the same but other useful features exist).

Click [Jisho] to look up the word at

JLPT N3 Words

  • り   [ひとり]
    (adv,n) alone; unmarried   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [どくしん]
    (n) bachelorhood; single; unmarried; celibate   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [どくとく]
    (adj-na,n) peculiarity; uniqueness; characteristic   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [どくりつ]
    (adj-na,n) independence (e.g. Ind. Day); self-support   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N2 Words

  • りでに   [ひとりでに]
    (adv) by itself; automatically; naturally   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ひとりごと]
    (n) a soliloquy; a monologue; speaking to oneself   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N1 Words

  •   [こどく]
    (adj-na,n) isolation; loneliness; solitude   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [たんどく]
    (adj-no,n) sole; independence; single; solo (flight)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [どくさい]
    (n) dictatorship; despotism   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [どくじ]
    (adj-na,n) original; peculiar; characteristic   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [どくせん]
    (n) monopoly   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [どくそう]
    (n) originality   [K] [D] [Jisho]

Other Popular Words Not Classified by JLPT

  • 西   [せいどく]
    West Germany   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [とうどく]
    East Germany   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • りで   [ひとりで]
    alone; by oneself; voluntarily; spontaneously; automatically   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • りぼっち   [ひとりぼっち]
    (n) alone; lonely; solitude   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • め   [ひとりじめ]
    (n) monopoly   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • き   [ひとりあるき]
    (n,vs) walking alone; walking unaided; going alone; standing on one's own   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [どいつ]
    Germany   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [どくえん]
    (n) solo; solo performance   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [どくがく]
    (n,vs) self-study   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こま]
    (n) a top   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [どっきんほう]
    (n) the Antimonopoly Act   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [どくしょう]
    (n,vs) vocal solo   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [どくそうてき]
    (adj-na) creative; original   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [どくそう]
    (n) a solo   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [どくそう]
    (n) running alone; doing things alone that should be done with others   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [どくだん]
    (n) one's own judgement; arbitrary   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [どくとく]
    (adj-na,n) learning by oneself   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [どくぼう]
    (n) single cell; isolation cell   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [どくりつこく]
    (n) independent state or nation   [K] [D] [Jisho]
Find more details for at, Yookoso! or WWWJDIC


The sofware used to generate this kanji information uses the EDICT and KANJIDIC files. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group at Monash University and are used in conformance with the Group's license.

NOTE: I converted the sources just mentioned years ago and have never really updated so there may be some missing or incorrect information that has been addressed in the original sources but not here.

The first Stroke Order image used on this page is courtesy of Ulrich Apel's excellent open source KanjiVG project. The second image is from the folks at the excellent Jisho Japanese-English dictionary site and it too is based on KanjiVG.

Classifying the kanji and popular vocabulary by the new JLPT levels was done by consulting Jonathan Waller‘s JLPT Resources page, renshuu, Wictionary, and Nihongo Ichiban.

The Henshall Mnemonics are the copyright of Tuttle Publishing and are the result of the hard work by Professor Henshall. See the list I used here.

If you are curious about the lexicography shown in the word definitions, visit the WWWJDIC abbreviations and codes guide and the JMdict/Edict Lexicographical details page.