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Kanji Information Sheet for 役  ( PDF version of this Kanji PDF version )

stroke order illustration  
English:
duty
war
campaign
drafted labor
office
service
role
On-Yomi:
ヤク
エキ
Kun-Yomi:
ちゃく
Bushu (Radical) Info: 彳 (ぎょうにんべん) – going man
Henshall Mnemonic: move off with weapon in hand to do one's duty
Levels: JLPT N3 | JLPT 2 (old) | Grade 3
Frequency: #315 of the 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Common Words and/or Phrases Using this Kanji:

Click any individual kanji to view a similar information sheet for it.
Click [K] to look up the word's individual character(s) at WWWJDIC.
Click [D] to look up the word at WWWJDIC (definition is the same but other useful features exist).

Click [Jisho] to look up the word at Jisho.org.

JLPT N4 Words

  • つ   [やくにたつ]
    (v5t) to be helpful; to be useful   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N3 Words

  •   [やく]
    (n,n-suf) use; service; role; position   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [やくわり]
    (n) part; assigning (allotment of) parts; role; duties   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N2 Words

  •   [しゅやく]
    (n) leading part; leading actor (actress)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [じゅうやく]
    (n) director; high executive   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [やくしゃ]
    (n) actor; actress   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [やくしょ]
    (n) government office; public office   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [やくにん]
    (n) government official   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [やくめ]
    (n) duty; business   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N1 Words

  •   [やくば]
    (n) town hall   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [やくしょく]
    (n) post; managerial position; official position   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • つ   [やくだつ]
    (v5t) to be useful; to be helpful; to serve the purpose   [K] [D] [Jisho]

Other Popular Words Not Classified by JLPT

  •   [あくやく]
    (n) villain; baddie; the villain's part   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ひつけやく]
    (n) instigator; troublemaker   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [かんさやく]
    (n) auditor; inspector   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [くやくしょ]
    (n) ward office; council (regional)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [げんえき]
    (n) active duty; active service   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さんやく]
    (n) three highest ranks (wrestling, unions, etc)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こやく]
    (n) dramatic role for child; child actor   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [しやくしょ]
    (n) municipal office; council; city hall   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [とりしまりやく]
    (n) company director; board member   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [とりしまりやくかい]
    (n) (1) board of directors; (2) board of directors' meeting   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [じょやく]
    (n) assistant official   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [そうだんやく]
    (n) counselor; adviser   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • 退   [たいえき]
    (n,vs) retiring from military service   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいやく]
    (n) important mission; heavy role; substitute actor; stand-in; double   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [たいやく]
    (n) important task or role or duty   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ちょうえき]
    (n) penal servitude; imprisonment with hard labor   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [まちやくば]
    (n) town hall   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • たり   [あたりやく]
    (n) successful role   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [はいやく]
    (n) cast (of a play)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ふくえき]
    (n) penal servitude; military service   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [へいえき]
    (n) military service; conscription   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • たない   [やくにたたない]
    (exp) be of no avail; be useless   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [やくいん]
    (n) officer; official; executive; staff   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • り   [やくまわり]
    (n) role; part; (unpleasant) duty   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [やくがら]
    (n) role   [K] [D] [Jisho]
Find more details for at jisho.org, Yookoso! or WWWJDIC

Acknowledgments

The sofware used to generate this kanji information uses the EDICT and KANJIDIC files. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group at Monash University and are used in conformance with the Group's license.

NOTE: I converted the sources just mentioned years ago and have never really updated so there may be some missing or incorrect information that has been addressed in the original sources but not here.

The first Stroke Order image used on this page is courtesy of Ulrich Apel's excellent open source KanjiVG project. The second image is from the folks at the excellent Jisho Japanese-English dictionary site and it too is based on KanjiVG.

Classifying the kanji and popular vocabulary by the new JLPT levels was done by consulting Jonathan Waller‘s JLPT Resources page, renshuu, Wictionary, and Nihongo Ichiban.

The Henshall Mnemonics are the copyright of Tuttle Publishing and are the result of the hard work by Professor Henshall. See the list I used here.

If you are curious about the lexicography shown in the word definitions, visit the WWWJDIC abbreviations and codes guide and the JMdict/Edict Lexicographical details page.