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Kanji Information Sheet for 代  ( PDF version of this Kanji PDF version )

stroke order illustration  

Bushu (Radical) Info:
人 (ひと) – person
化 (カ, ケ, ば.ける, ば.かす, ふ.ける, け.する) – change; take the form of; influence; enchant; delude; -ization
个 (カ , コ, こ, ひ) – counter for articles; individual
Henshall Mnemonic: person replaced by stake
Levels: JLPT N4 | JLPT 3 (old) | Grade 3
Frequency: #66 of the 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Common Words and/or Phrases Using this Kanji:

Click any individual kanji to view a similar information sheet for it.
Click [K] to look up the word's individual character(s) at WWWJDIC.
Click [D] to look up the word at WWWJDIC (definition is the same but other useful features exist).

Click [Jisho] to look up the word at

JLPT N4 Words

  •   [じだい]
    (n-t) period; epoch; era   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • わり   [かわり]
    (n) substitute; deputy; proxy; alternate; relief; compensation; second helping   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N3 Words

  •   [きんだい]
    (n) present day   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [げんだい]
    (adj-no,n-adv,n) nowadays; modern times; present-day   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいきん]
    (n) price; payment; cost; charge; the money; the bill   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいひょう]
    (n,vs) representative; representation; delegation; type; example; model   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいり]
    (n) representation; agency; proxy; deputy; agent; attorney; substitute; alternate; acting (principal, etc.)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ねんだい]
    (n) age; era; period; date   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N2 Words

  • わり   [おかわり]
    (n) second helping; another cup   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • える   [かえる]
    (v1) to exchange; to interchange; to substitute; to replace   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいめいし]
    (n) pronoun   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N1 Words

  •   [こだい]
    (adj-na,n-adv,n-t) ancient times   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [せだい]
    (n) generation; the world; the age   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [せんだい]
    (n) family predecessor; previous age; previous generation   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • わる   [かわる]
    (v5r,vi) to take the place of; to relieve; to be substituted for; to be exchanged; to change places with; to take turns; to be replaced   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • わるわる   [かわるがわる]
    (adv) alternately   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいべん]
    (n,vs) pay by proxy; act for another; speak for another   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいよう]
    (n) substitution   [K] [D] [Jisho]

Other Popular Words Not Classified by JLPT

  •   [いちだい]
    (n) generation; lifetime; age   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [えいたい]
    (n) permanence; eternity   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [おうごんじだい]
    Golden Age   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんだいし]
    (n) modern poetry; modern-style poetry   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんだいてき]
    (adj-na) modern   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きみがよ]
    Imperial reign; title of Japanese national anthem   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • わり   [かたがわり]
    (n) shouldering another's debt   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [げんだいてき]
    (adj-na) modernistic   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こうたい]
    (n,vs) alternation; change; relief; relay; shift   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さんだい]
    (n) three generations; the third   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [じだいげき]
    (n) historical play   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [じだいさくご]
    anachronism   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [じだい]
    (n) the next era   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [じゅうだい]
    (n) the teens (10-19); teenage; the tenth generation   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [しょだい]
    (n) first generation; founder   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [しんちんたいしゃ]
    (n) renewal; replacement; metabolism   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • わり   [みがわり]
    (n) substitute (for); sacrifice (of, to); scapegoat (for)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [みのしろきんようきゅう]
    (n) ransom demand   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [せんきゅうひゃくねんだい]
    the 1900s   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [せんだい]
    (n) (1) thousand years; (2) very long period; forever   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんだいみもん]
    (n) unheard-of; unprecedented; unparalleled in history; record-breaking   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [よ]
    (n) world; society; age; generation   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいかん]
    (n) Edo-period prefectural governor (magistrate, bailiff)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいぎ]
    (n) representing others in a conference   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいぎし]
    (n) parliamentarian; member of a congress   [K] [D] [Jisho]
Find more details for at, Yookoso! or WWWJDIC


The sofware used to generate this kanji information uses the EDICT and KANJIDIC files. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group at Monash University and are used in conformance with the Group's license.

NOTE: I converted the sources just mentioned years ago and have never really updated so there may be some missing or incorrect information that has been addressed in the original sources but not here.

The first Stroke Order image used on this page is courtesy of Ulrich Apel's excellent open source KanjiVG project. The second image is from the folks at the excellent Jisho Japanese-English dictionary site and it too is based on KanjiVG.

Classifying the kanji and popular vocabulary by the new JLPT levels was done by consulting Jonathan Waller‘s JLPT Resources page, renshuu, Wictionary, and Nihongo Ichiban.

The Henshall Mnemonics are the copyright of Tuttle Publishing and are the result of the hard work by Professor Henshall. See the list I used here.

If you are curious about the lexicography shown in the word definitions, visit the WWWJDIC abbreviations and codes guide and the JMdict/Edict Lexicographical details page.