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Kanji Information Sheet for 代  ( PDF version of this Kanji PDF version )

stroke order illustration  

Bushu (Radical) Info:
人 (ひと) – person
化 (カ, ケ, ば.ける, ば.かす, ふ.ける, け.する) – change; take the form of; influence; enchant; delude; -ization
个 (カ , コ, こ, ひ) – counter for articles; individual
Henshall Mnemonic: person replaced by stake
Levels: JLPT N4 | JLPT 3 (old) | Grade 3
Frequency: #66 of the 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Common Words and/or Phrases Using this Kanji:

Click any individual kanji to view a similar information sheet for it.
Click [K] to look up the word's individual character(s) at WWWJDIC.
Click [D] to look up the word at WWWJDIC (definition is the same but other useful features exist).

Click [Jisho] to look up the word at

JLPT N4 Words

  • わり   [かわり]
    (n) substitute; deputy; proxy; alternate; relief; compensation; second helping   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [じだい]
    (n-t) period; epoch; era   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N3 Words

  •   [だいきん]
    (n) price; payment; cost; charge; the money; the bill   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ねんだい]
    (n) age; era; period; date   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいひょう]
    (n,vs) representative; representation; delegation; type; example; model   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいり]
    (n) representation; agency; proxy; deputy; agent; attorney; substitute; alternate; acting (principal, etc.)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [げんだい]
    (adj-no,n-adv,n) nowadays; modern times; present-day   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんだい]
    (n) present day   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N2 Words

  • える   [かえる]
    (v1) to exchange; to interchange; to substitute; to replace   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいめいし]
    (n) pronoun   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • わり   [おかわり]
    (n) second helping; another cup   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N1 Words

  • わる   [かわる]
    (v5r,vi) to take the place of; to relieve; to be substituted for; to be exchanged; to change places with; to take turns; to be replaced   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • わるわる   [かわるがわる]
    (adv) alternately   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [せんだい]
    (n) family predecessor; previous age; previous generation   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こだい]
    (adj-na,n-adv,n-t) ancient times   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいべん]
    (n,vs) pay by proxy; act for another; speak for another   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいよう]
    (n) substitution   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [せだい]
    (n) generation; the world; the age   [K] [D] [Jisho]

Other Popular Words Not Classified by JLPT

  •   [えいたい]
    (n) permanence; eternity   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんだいし]
    (n) modern poetry; modern-style poetry   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こうたい]
    (n,vs) alternation; change; relief; relay; shift   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんだいてき]
    (adj-na) modern   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • わり   [かたがわり]
    (n) shouldering another's debt   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [よ]
    (n) world; society; age; generation   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [どうじだい]
    the same age; same period   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [じだい]
    (n) the next era   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいかん]
    (n) Edo-period prefectural governor (magistrate, bailiff)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいぎ]
    (n) representing others in a conference   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいぎし]
    (n) parliamentarian; member of a congress   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいこう]
    (n) acting as agent   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さんだい]
    (n) three generations; the third   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [たいしゃ]
    (n) (abbr) renewal; regeneration; metabolism   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいしょう]
    (n) compensation; indemnification; reparation; consideration   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいにん]
    (n) substitute; deputy; proxy; representative; agent   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [しんちんたいしゃ]
    (n) renewal; replacement; metabolism   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいだ]
    (n) pinch-hitting   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいがえ]
    (n) change of ownership; substitution; subrogation   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいたい]
    (n) change of ownership; substitution; subrogation   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいだい]
    (n-adv,n-t) for generations; hereditary; generation after generation   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいひょうさく]
    (n) masterpiece; representative work   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいひょうてき]
    (adj-na) representative; exemplary; model   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [だいやく]
    (n) important mission; heavy role; substitute actor; stand-in; double   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きみがよ]
    Imperial reign; title of Japanese national anthem   [K] [D] [Jisho]
Find more details for at, Yookoso! or WWWJDIC


The sofware used to generate this kanji information uses the EDICT and KANJIDIC files. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group at Monash University and are used in conformance with the Group's license.

NOTE: I converted the sources just mentioned years ago and have never really updated so there may be some missing or incorrect information that has been addressed in the original sources but not here.

The first Stroke Order image used on this page is courtesy of Ulrich Apel's excellent open source KanjiVG project. The second image is from the folks at the excellent Jisho Japanese-English dictionary site and it too is based on KanjiVG.

Classifying the kanji and popular vocabulary by the new JLPT levels was done by consulting Jonathan Waller‘s JLPT Resources page, renshuu, Wictionary, and Nihongo Ichiban.

The Henshall Mnemonics are the copyright of Tuttle Publishing and are the result of the hard work by Professor Henshall. See the list I used here.

If you are curious about the lexicography shown in the word definitions, visit the WWWJDIC abbreviations and codes guide and the JMdict/Edict Lexicographical details page.