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Kanji Information Sheet for 古  ( PDF version of this Kanji PDF version )

stroke order illustration  
Bushu (Radical) Info:
十 (じゅう) – cross
口 (くち) – mouth
Henshall Mnemonic: an old story, told at least ten times
Levels: JLPT N4 | JLPT 4 (old) | Grade 2
Frequency: #509 of the 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Common Words and/or Phrases Using this Kanji:

Click any individual kanji to view a similar information sheet for it.
Click [K] to look up the word's individual character(s) at WWWJDIC.
Click [D] to look up the word at WWWJDIC (definition is the same but other useful features exist).

Click [Jisho] to look up the word at

JLPT N5 Words

  • い   [ふるい]
    (adj) old (not person); aged; ancient; antiquated; stale; threadbare; outmoded; obsolete article   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N3 Words

  •   [ちゅうこ]
    (n-t) (1) used; second-hand; old; (2) Middle Ages   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N2 Words

  •   [けいこ]
    (n) practice; training; study   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こてん]
    (n) old book; classics; classic   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ふるさと]
    (n) home town; birthplace; old village; historic village; native place; one's old home   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N1 Words

  •   [こだい]
    (adj-na,n-adv,n-t) ancient times   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こうこがく]
    (adj-no,n) archaeology   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [いにしえ]
    (n) antiquity; ancient times   [K] [D] [Jisho]

Other Popular Words Not Classified by JLPT

  • し   [はきふるし]
    worn-out shoes; worn-out socks   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こご]
    (n) obsolete word; old proverb; ancient (Japanese) language   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ここん]
    (n) ancient and modern times; all ages; past and present   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こさん]
    (n) seniority; long service   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こし]
    (n) used paper; paper for recycling   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • い   [ふるくさい]
    (adj) stale; old fashioned; hackneyed; trite   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こしょ]
    (n) old book; rare book   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こじょう]
    (n) old castle; old fortress   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ふるかわ]
    (n) old river   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ふるす]
    (n) old haunts; former homes   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ふるぎ]
    (n) old clothes; secondhand clothing   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こてんてき]
    (adj-na) classical   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こと]
    (n) ancient city; former capital   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こふう]
    (adj-na,n) old customs; old style   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こふん]
    (n) ancient (mound) tomb   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こぶん]
    (n) ancient writing; classical literature   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こぶんしょ]
    (n) ancient documents; archives   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ふるほん]
    (n) (1) secondhand book   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こらい]
    (adj-no,adv,n) from time immemorial; ancient; time-honoured   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ちゅうこしゃ]
    (n) used car; secondhand car   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [たいこ]
    (n-adv,n) ancient times   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • る   [てこずる]
    (v5r) (uk) to have much trouble; to have a hard time; to not know how to handle   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さいこ]
    (n) the oldest   [K] [D] [Jisho]
Find more details for at, Yookoso! or WWWJDIC


The sofware used to generate this kanji information uses the EDICT and KANJIDIC files. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group at Monash University and are used in conformance with the Group's license.

NOTE: I converted the sources just mentioned years ago and have never really updated so there may be some missing or incorrect information that has been addressed in the original sources but not here.

The first Stroke Order image used on this page is courtesy of Ulrich Apel's excellent open source KanjiVG project. The second image is from the folks at the excellent Jisho Japanese-English dictionary site and it too is based on KanjiVG.

Classifying the kanji and popular vocabulary by the new JLPT levels was done by consulting Jonathan Waller‘s JLPT Resources page, renshuu, Wictionary, and Nihongo Ichiban.

The Henshall Mnemonics are the copyright of Tuttle Publishing and are the result of the hard work by Professor Henshall. See the list I used here.

If you are curious about the lexicography shown in the word definitions, visit the WWWJDIC abbreviations and codes guide and the JMdict/Edict Lexicographical details page.