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Kanji Information Sheet for 参  ( PDF version of this Kanji PDF version )

stroke order illustration  
be defeated
be madly in love
Bushu (Radical) Info: 厶 (む) – myself
Henshall Mnemonic: go to get big nose with three hairs attended to
Levels: JLPT N3 | JLPT 2 (old) | Grade 4
Frequency: #201 of the 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Common Words and/or Phrases Using this Kanji:

Click any individual kanji to view a similar information sheet for it.
Click [K] to look up the word's individual character(s) at WWWJDIC.
Click [D] to look up the word at WWWJDIC (definition is the same but other useful features exist).

Click [Jisho] to look up the word at

JLPT N4 Words

  • る   [まいる]
    (v5r) (1) (hum) to go; to come; to call; (2) to be defeated; to collapse; to die; (3) to be annoyed; to be nonplussed; (4) to be madly in love; (5) to visit (shrine, grave)   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N3 Words

  •   [さんか]
    (n,vs) participation   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さんこう]
    (n,vs) reference; consultation   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N2 Words

  • り   [おまいり]
    (n,vs) worship; shrine visit   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [じさん]
    (n,vs) bringing; taking; carrying   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N1 Words

  •   [さんぎいん]
    (n) House of Councillors   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さんしょう]
    (n,vs) reference; consultation; consultation   [K] [D] [Jisho]

Other Popular Words Not Classified by JLPT

  •   [こさん]
    (n) seniority; long service   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こうさん]
    (n,vs) giving in to   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さんいん]
    (n) (abbr) House of Councillors   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さんかしゃ]
    participant; entrant   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さんかく]
    (n,vs) taking part in planning   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さんかん]
    (n) visit; inspection   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さんこうしょ]
    (n) reference book   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さんじ]
    (n) secretary; councillor   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さんじかん]
    (n) councillor   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さんせいけん]
    (n) suffrage; franchise   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さんせん]
    (n) participation in a war   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さんどう]
    (n) road approaching a shrine   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さんにゅう]
    (n,vs) coming; visiting; going   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さんぱい]
    (n,vs) worship   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さんぼう]
    (n) staff officer; participating in planning   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さんよ]
    (n,vs) participation; taking part   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さんれつ]
    (n) attendance; participation; presence   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [にんじん]
    (n) carrot; ginseng   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [はかまいり]
    (n) visit to a grave   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • り   [はかまいり]
    (n) visit to a grave   [K] [D] [Jisho]
Find more details for at, Yookoso! or WWWJDIC


The sofware used to generate this kanji information uses the EDICT and KANJIDIC files. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group at Monash University and are used in conformance with the Group's license.

NOTE: I converted the sources just mentioned years ago and have never really updated so there may be some missing or incorrect information that has been addressed in the original sources but not here.

The first Stroke Order image used on this page is courtesy of Ulrich Apel's excellent open source KanjiVG project. The second image is from the folks at the excellent Jisho Japanese-English dictionary site and it too is based on KanjiVG.

Classifying the kanji and popular vocabulary by the new JLPT levels was done by consulting Jonathan Waller‘s JLPT Resources page, renshuu, Wictionary, and Nihongo Ichiban.

The Henshall Mnemonics are the copyright of Tuttle Publishing and are the result of the hard work by Professor Henshall. See the list I used here.

If you are curious about the lexicography shown in the word definitions, visit the WWWJDIC abbreviations and codes guide and the JMdict/Edict Lexicographical details page.