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Kanji Information Sheet for 近  ( PDF version of this Kanji PDF version )

stroke order illustration  
Bushu (Radical) Info:
辷 (しんにゅう, すべ.る, すべ.らす) – road; glide; skate; slip; fail in exams; (kokuji)
込 (-こ.む, こ.む, こ.み, -こ.み, こ.める, こみ, ごめ) – crowded; mixture; in bulk; included; (kokuji)
Henshall Mnemonic: distance to move chopped, making it near
Levels: JLPT N4 | JLPT 3 (old) | Grade 2
Frequency: #194 of the 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Common Words and/or Phrases Using this Kanji:

Click any individual kanji to view a similar information sheet for it.
Click [K] to look up the word's individual character(s) at WWWJDIC.
Click [D] to look up the word at WWWJDIC (definition is the same but other useful features exist).

Click [Jisho] to look up the word at

JLPT N5 Words

  • い   [ちかい]
    (adj,suf) near; close by; short   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • く   [ちかく]
    (n-adv,n) near; neighbourhood; vicinity   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N4 Words

  •   [さいきん]
    (adj-no,n-adv,n-t) latest; most recent; nowadays   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんじょ]
    (n) neighbourhood   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N3 Words

  •   [ちかごろ]
    (n-adv,n-t) lately; recently; nowadays   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんだい]
    (n) present day   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N2 Words

  • ける   [ちかづける]
    (v1) to bring near; to put close; to let come near; to associate with   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ふきん]
    (n,n-suf) neighbourhood; vicinity; environs   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • る   [ちかよる]
    (v5r) to approach; to draw near   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [せっきん]
    (n,vs) getting closer; drawing nearer; approaching   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N1 Words

  • く   [ちかづく]
    (v5k) to approach; to get near; to get acquainted with; to get closer   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [みぢか]
    (adj-na,n) near oneself; close to one; familiar   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • 々   [きんきん]
    (adv) nearness; before long   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんがん]
    (n) nearsightedness; shortsightedness; myopia   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんこう]
    (n) suburbs; outskirts   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんし]
    (n) shortsightedness   [K] [D] [Jisho]

Other Popular Words Not Classified by JLPT

  •   [きんだいし]
    (n) modern poetry; modern-style poetry   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんだいてき]
    (adj-na) modern   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [えんきんほう]
    (n) perspective   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんちょ]
    (n) recent work   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんてつ]
    (abbr) Kinki Nippon Tetsudou (railway co.)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ちかみち]
    (n) short way; shortcut   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんじつ]
    (n-adv,n-t) soon; in a few days   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんねん]
    (n-adv,n-t) recent years   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [しんきんかん]
    (n) affinity   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんぺん]
    (n) neighbourhood; vicinity   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんりん]
    (n) neighbourhood; vicinity   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [そっきん]
    (n) close associate; close aide; brains-truster   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [まぢか]
    (adj-na,n-adv,n) proximity; nearness; soon; nearby   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • づき   [ちかづき]
    (n) acquaintance   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [このえ]
    (n) Imperial Guards   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんかい]
    (n) coastal waters; adjacent seas   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • せる   [ちかよせる]
    (v1) to bring close to; to associate with   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんき]
    Kinki (region around Osaka, Kyoto, Nara)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんきょり]
    (n) short distance   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんきょう]
    (n) recent state (condition)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんさく]
    (n) recent work   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんしん]
    (n) near relative   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんせい]
    (n) recent times   [K] [D] [Jisho]
Find more details for at, Yookoso! or WWWJDIC


The sofware used to generate this kanji information uses the EDICT and KANJIDIC files. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group at Monash University and are used in conformance with the Group's license.

NOTE: I converted the sources just mentioned years ago and have never really updated so there may be some missing or incorrect information that has been addressed in the original sources but not here.

The first Stroke Order image used on this page is courtesy of Ulrich Apel's excellent open source KanjiVG project. The second image is from the folks at the excellent Jisho Japanese-English dictionary site and it too is based on KanjiVG.

Classifying the kanji and popular vocabulary by the new JLPT levels was done by consulting Jonathan Waller‘s JLPT Resources page, renshuu, Wictionary, and Nihongo Ichiban.

The Henshall Mnemonics are the copyright of Tuttle Publishing and are the result of the hard work by Professor Henshall. See the list I used here.

If you are curious about the lexicography shown in the word definitions, visit the WWWJDIC abbreviations and codes guide and the JMdict/Edict Lexicographical details page.