Study Japanese language, Kanji; learn about Japanese travel, culture, life, music (JPOP) and more

Kanji Study

You can use this page to randomly display a Kanji, display a specific Kanji or display a previous Kanji of the Day from the mailing lists.

Display random Jōyō Kanji

Display random kanji by grade level: Grade 1  |   Grade 2  |   Grade 3  |   Grade 4  |   Grade 5  |   Grade 6

Display random kanji by JLPT level: N1  |   N2  |   N3  |   N4  |   N5

Find a previous mailing list Kanji:    

Find a specific Kanji:  


Kanji Information Sheet for 近  ( PDF version of this Kanji PDF version )

stroke order illustration  
English:
near
early
akin
tantamount
On-Yomi:
キン
コン
Kun-Yomi:
ちか.い
おう
おお
この
Bushu (Radical) Info:
辷 (しんにゅう, すべ.る, すべ.らす) – road; glide; skate; slip; fail in exams; (kokuji)
込 (-こ.む, こ.む, こ.み, -こ.み, こ.める, こみ, ごめ) – crowded; mixture; in bulk; included; (kokuji)
Henshall Mnemonic: distance to move chopped, making it near
Levels: JLPT N4 | JLPT 3 (old) | Grade 2
Frequency: #194 of the 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Common Words and/or Phrases Using this Kanji:

Click any individual kanji to view a similar information sheet for it.
Click [K] to look up the word's individual character(s) at WWWJDIC.
Click [D] to look up the word at WWWJDIC (definition is the same but other useful features exist).

Click [Jisho] to look up the word at Jisho.org.

JLPT N5 Words

  • い   [ちかい]
    (adj,suf) near; close by; short   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • く   [ちかく]
    (n-adv,n) near; neighbourhood; vicinity   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N4 Words

  •   [きんじょ]
    (n) neighbourhood   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さいきん]
    (adj-no,n-adv,n-t) latest; most recent; nowadays   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N3 Words

  •   [ちかごろ]
    (n-adv,n-t) lately; recently; nowadays   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんだい]
    (n) present day   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N2 Words

  • る   [ちかよる]
    (v5r) to approach; to draw near   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • ける   [ちかづける]
    (v1) to bring near; to put close; to let come near; to associate with   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [せっきん]
    (n,vs) getting closer; drawing nearer; approaching   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ふきん]
    (n,n-suf) neighbourhood; vicinity; environs   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N1 Words

  • 々   [きんきん]
    (adv) nearness; before long   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんがん]
    (n) nearsightedness; shortsightedness; myopia   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんこう]
    (n) suburbs; outskirts   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんし]
    (n) shortsightedness   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • く   [ちかづく]
    (v5k) to approach; to get near; to get acquainted with; to get closer   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [みぢか]
    (adj-na,n) near oneself; close to one; familiar   [K] [D] [Jisho]

Other Popular Words Not Classified by JLPT

  •   [えんきんほう]
    (n) perspective   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [まぢか]
    (adj-na,n-adv,n) proximity; nearness; soon; nearby   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • づき   [ちかづき]
    (n) acquaintance   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [このえ]
    (n) Imperial Guards   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんかい]
    (n) coastal waters; adjacent seas   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • せる   [ちかよせる]
    (v1) to bring close to; to associate with   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんき]
    Kinki (region around Osaka, Kyoto, Nara)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんきょり]
    (n) short distance   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんきょう]
    (n) recent state (condition)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんさく]
    (n) recent work   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんしん]
    (n) near relative   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんせい]
    (n) recent times   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんだいし]
    (n) modern poetry; modern-style poetry   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんだいてき]
    (adj-na) modern   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんちょ]
    (n) recent work   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんてつ]
    (abbr) Kinki Nippon Tetsudou (railway co.)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ちかみち]
    (n) short way; shortcut   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんじつ]
    (n-adv,n-t) soon; in a few days   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんねん]
    (n-adv,n-t) recent years   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんぺん]
    (n) neighbourhood; vicinity   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんりん]
    (n) neighbourhood; vicinity   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [しんきんかん]
    (n) affinity   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [そっきん]
    (n) close associate; close aide; brains-truster   [K] [D] [Jisho]
Find more details for at jisho.org, Yookoso! or WWWJDIC

Acknowledgments

The sofware used to generate this kanji information uses the EDICT and KANJIDIC files. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group at Monash University and are used in conformance with the Group's license.

NOTE: I converted the sources just mentioned years ago and have never really updated so there may be some missing or incorrect information that has been addressed in the original sources but not here.

The first Stroke Order image used on this page is courtesy of Ulrich Apel's excellent open source KanjiVG project. The second image is from the folks at the excellent Jisho Japanese-English dictionary site and it too is based on KanjiVG.

Classifying the kanji and popular vocabulary by the new JLPT levels was done by consulting Jonathan Waller‘s JLPT Resources page, renshuu, Wictionary, and Nihongo Ichiban.

The Henshall Mnemonics are the copyright of Tuttle Publishing and are the result of the hard work by Professor Henshall. See the list I used here.

If you are curious about the lexicography shown in the word definitions, visit the WWWJDIC abbreviations and codes guide and the JMdict/Edict Lexicographical details page.