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Kanji Information Sheet for 年  ( PDF version of this Kanji PDF version )

stroke order illustration  
Bushu (Radical) Info:
ノ (てん) – kana-no
干 (はす) – dry
Henshall Mnemonic: person visits well every year
Levels: JLPT N5 | JLPT 4 (old) | Grade 1
Frequency: #6 of the 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Common Words and/or Phrases Using this Kanji:

Click any individual kanji to view a similar information sheet for it.
Click [K] to look up the word's individual character(s) at WWWJDIC.
Click [D] to look up the word at WWWJDIC (definition is the same but other useful features exist).

Click [Jisho] to look up the word at

JLPT N5 Words

  •   [きょねん]
    (n-adv,n-t) last year   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [まんねんひつ]
    (n) fountain pen   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [おととし]
    (n-adv,n-t) year before last   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [らいねん]
    (n-adv,n-t) next year   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ことし]
    (n-adv,n-t) this year   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さらいねん]
    (n-adv,n-t) year after next   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [まいとし]
    (n-t) every year; yearly; annually   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [まいねん]
    (n-t) every year; yearly; annually   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [とし]
    (n-adv,n) year; age   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N3 Words

  •   [しょうねん]
    (n) boys; juveniles   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ねんかん]
    (n-t) year   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [としつき]
    (n) months and years   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ねんげつ]
    (n) months and years   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [としうえ]
    (n) older; senior   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ねんだい]
    (n) age; era; period; date   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ねんじゅう]
    (n-adv,n) whole year; always; everyday   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ねんれい]
    (n) age; years   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [せいねん]
    (n) youth; young man   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N2 Words

  •   [せいねんがっぴ]
    (n) birth date   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ちゅうねん]
    (n) middle-aged   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [いっさくねん]
    (n-adv,n-t) year before last   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ねんど]
    (n,n-suf) year; fiscal year; school year; term   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [せいしょうねん]
    (n) youth; young person   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [がくねん]
    (n) year in school; grade in school   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N1 Words

  •   [せいねん]
    (n) majority; adult age   [K] [D] [Jisho]

Other Popular Words Not Classified by JLPT

  •   [じゃくねん]
    (n) youth   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [みせいねん]
    (n) minority; not of age   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [まんねん]
    ten thousand years; eternity   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [としした]
    (n) younger; junior   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ねんがじょう]
    (n) New Year's card   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ねんかい]
    (n) conference; annual convention   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こうせいねんきん]
    welfare pension   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [えつねん]
    (n,vs) ring out the old year; hibernation   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きんねん]
    (n-adv,n-t) recent years   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [りゅうねん]
    (n,vs) repeating the same class (school); staying more than two years in the same class   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ねんがく]
    (n) yearly amount   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんねん]
    (n-adv,n-t) the preceding year; last year   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんねんど]
    (n-adv,n) preceding fiscal year   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ねんかん]
    (n) annual publication; year of publication   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [しゅうねん]
    (n) whole year; anniversary   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [いちねんせい]
    (n) (1) annual (plant); (2) first-year university or high-school student (esp. US); freshman   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [いちねんじゅう]
    (n-adv,n-t) all year round   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さくねん]
    (n-adv,n-t) last year   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さくねんど]
    (n-adv) previous fiscal year   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さくねんらい]
    (n-adv) since last year   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こうがくねん]
    (n) upper grade or classes (in schools)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ねんきん]
    (n) annuity; pension   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ほうねん]
    (n) fruitful year   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ねんがっぴ]
    (n) date   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [へいねん]
    (n-adv,n) normal year; civil year   [K] [D] [Jisho]
Find more details for at, Yookoso! or WWWJDIC


The sofware used to generate this kanji information uses the EDICT and KANJIDIC files. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group at Monash University and are used in conformance with the Group's license.

NOTE: I converted the sources just mentioned years ago and have never really updated so there may be some missing or incorrect information that has been addressed in the original sources but not here.

The first Stroke Order image used on this page is courtesy of Ulrich Apel's excellent open source KanjiVG project. The second image is from the folks at the excellent Jisho Japanese-English dictionary site and it too is based on KanjiVG.

Classifying the kanji and popular vocabulary by the new JLPT levels was done by consulting Jonathan Waller‘s JLPT Resources page, renshuu, Wictionary, and Nihongo Ichiban.

The Henshall Mnemonics are the copyright of Tuttle Publishing and are the result of the hard work by Professor Henshall. See the list I used here.

If you are curious about the lexicography shown in the word definitions, visit the WWWJDIC abbreviations and codes guide and the JMdict/Edict Lexicographical details page.