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Kanji Information Sheet for 下  ( PDF version of this Kanji PDF version )

stroke order illustration  
English:
below
down
descend
give
low
inferior
On-Yomi:

Kun-Yomi:
した
しも
もと
さ.げる
さ.がる
くだ.る
くだ.り
くだ.す
-くだ.す
くだ.さる
お.ろす
お.りる
さか
しと
Bushu (Radical) Info: 一 (いち) – one
Henshall Mnemonic: t-bar with droopy lower handle
Levels: JLPT N5 | JLPT 4 (old) | Grade 1
Frequency: #97 of the 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Common Words and/or Phrases Using this Kanji:

Click any individual kanji to view a similar information sheet for it.
Click [K] to look up the word's individual character(s) at WWWJDIC.
Click [D] to look up the word at WWWJDIC (definition is the same but other useful features exist).

Click [Jisho] to look up the word at Jisho.org.

JLPT N5 Words

  •   [した]
    (n) under; below; beneath   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • さい   [ください]
    please (kana only); (with te-form verb) please do for me   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [へた]
    (adj-na,n) unskillful; poor; awkward   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [くつした]
    (n) socks   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ちかてつ]
    (n) underground train; subway   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ろうか]
    (n) corridor   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N4 Words

  •   [いか]
    (n) (1) below; under; the following; the rest; (2) and downward; less than; up to; not exceeding   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • げる   [さげる]
    (v1) to hang; to lower; to move back; to wear; to dismiss; to grant   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • さる   [くださる]
    (v5aru) (hon) to give; to confer   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • りる   [おりる]
    (v1) to alight (e.g. from bus); to get off; to descend (e.g. a mountain)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • 宿   [げしゅく]
    (n,vs) boarding; lodging; boarding house   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [したぎ]
    (n) underwear   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N3 Words

  • り   [くだり]
    (n,n-suf) down-train (going away from Tokyo)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • ろす   [おろす]
    (v5s) to take down; to launch; to drop; to lower; to let (a person) off; to unload; to discharge   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ちか]
    (n) basement; underground   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N2 Words

  • ぶらげる   [ぶらさげる]
    (v1) to hang; to suspend; to dangle; to swing   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • らない   [くだらない]
    (adj) good-for-nothing; stupid; trivial; worthless   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • る   [くだる]
    (v5r) to get down; to descend   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [かこう]
    (n) downward; descent; fall; drop; subsidence   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [げしゃ]
    (n,vs) alighting; getting off   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [げじゅん]
    (n-adv,n-t) month (last third of)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • き   [したがき]
    (n) rough copy; draft   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [げすい]
    (n) drainage; sewage; ditch; gutter; sewerage   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [げた]
    (n) geta (Japanese footwear); wooden clogs   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [したまち]
    (n) Shitamachi; lower parts of town   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N1 Words

    Other Popular Words Not Classified by JLPT

    • ぶらがる   [ぶらさがる]
      (v5r) to hang from; to dangle; to swing   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    • げ   [ひきさげ]
      (n) reduction; cut   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    • がり   [さがり]
      (n) decline; hanging down; leaving; a little after; decorative cords (hanging from the front of a sumo wrestler's belt)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    • す   [くだす]
      (v5s) to lower; to let go down   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    •   [したっぱら]
      (n) abdomen; stomach; under parts   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    •   [くだりざか]
      (n) descent; downhill; decline; waning   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    •   [かいん]
      (n) Lower House; lower (legislative) body   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    •   [げかい]
      (n) this world; the earth; hades; the nether world   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    •   [しもき]
      (n-adv,n) second half of the fiscal year   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    •   [かきゅう]
      (n) lower grade; low class; junior (officer)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    •   [したみ]
      (n) preview; preliminary inspection; siding (on a house)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    •   [かげん]
      (n) lower limit   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    •   [げこ]
      (n) non-drinker; temperate man   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    •   [げざん]
      (n,vs) descending (mountain)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    •   [かし]
      (n) the legs; lower extremities   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    •   [したて]
      (n) humble position; inferior   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    • げ   [したてなげ]
      (baseball) an underhand throw; (sumo) an underarm throw   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    •   [したくちびる]
      (n) lower lip   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    •   [げすいどう]
      (n) drain; sewer; drainage system   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    • け   [したうけ]
      (n) subcontract   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    •   [したね]
      (n) lowest price   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    •   [かとう]
      (adj-na,n) inferior; base; vulgar; low grade; lower class   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    •   [しもはんき]
      (n) the last half-year   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    •   [かはんしん]
      (n) lower half of body   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    •   [したじき]
      (n) desk pad; mat; something lying underneath; pinned under; crushed beneath   [K] [D] [Jisho]
    Find more details for at jisho.org, Yookoso! or WWWJDIC

    Acknowledgments

    The sofware used to generate this kanji information uses the EDICT and KANJIDIC files. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group at Monash University and are used in conformance with the Group's license.

    NOTE: I converted the sources just mentioned years ago and have never really updated so there may be some missing or incorrect information that has been addressed in the original sources but not here.

    The first Stroke Order image used on this page is courtesy of Ulrich Apel's excellent open source KanjiVG project. The second image is from the folks at the excellent Jisho Japanese-English dictionary site and it too is based on KanjiVG.

    Classifying the kanji and popular vocabulary by the new JLPT levels was done by consulting Jonathan Waller‘s JLPT Resources page, renshuu, Wictionary, and Nihongo Ichiban.

    The Henshall Mnemonics are the copyright of Tuttle Publishing and are the result of the hard work by Professor Henshall. See the list I used here.

    If you are curious about the lexicography shown in the word definitions, visit the WWWJDIC abbreviations and codes guide and the JMdict/Edict Lexicographical details page.