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Kanji Information Sheet for 前  ( PDF version of this Kanji PDF version )

stroke order illustration  
in front
Bushu (Radical) Info:
八 (はちがしら) – eight
刀 (かたな) – sword
刈 (ガイ, カイ, か.る, かっ かり) – reap; cut; clip; trim; prune
Henshall Mnemonic: before cutting meat cut horns
Levels: JLPT N5 | JLPT 4 (old) | Grade 2
Frequency: #27 of the 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Common Words and/or Phrases Using this Kanji:

Click any individual kanji to view a similar information sheet for it.
Click [K] to look up the word's individual character(s) at WWWJDIC.
Click [D] to look up the word at WWWJDIC (definition is the same but other useful features exist).

Click [Jisho] to look up the word at

JLPT N5 Words

  •   [まえ]
    (n-adv,n-t,suf) (1) before; in front; fore part; ago; previously; (2) head (of a line); (3) in the presence of; lady (so-and-so); (4) (five minutes) to; (5) helping; portion   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [なまえ]
    (n) name   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ごぜん]
    (n-adv,n-t) morning; a.m.   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N3 Words

  •   [ぜんはん]
    (n) first half   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [いぜん]
    (n-adv,n-t) ago; since; before; previous   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [おまえ]
    (n) (1) (fam) you (sing); (2) presence (of a high personage)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんしゃ]
    (n) the former   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんしん]
    (n) advance; drive; progress   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N2 Words

  •   [てまえ]
    (n) before; this side; we; you   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜん]
    (n-adv,n,n-suf,pref) before; ago; former; previous; one-time; the above   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんご]
    (n-adv,suf) around; throughout; front and back; before and behind; before and after; about that (time); longitudinal; context; nearly; approximately   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ちょくぜん]
    (n-adv,n-t) just before   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N1 Words

  •   [ぜんてい]
    (n) preamble; premise; reason; prerequisite   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんと]
    (n) future prospects; outlook; the journey ahead   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • り   [まえうり]
    (n) advance sale; booking   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • たり   [あたりまえ]
    (adj-na,adj-no,n) usual; common; ordinary; natural; reasonable; obvious   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [うでまえ]
    (n) ability; skill; facility   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんれい]
    (n) precedent   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [じぜん]
    (adj-no,n) prior; beforehand; in advance   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • もって   [まえもって]
    (adv) in advance; beforehand; previously   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [たてまえ]
    (n) face; official stance; public position or attitude (as opposed to private thoughts)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • き   [まえおき]
    (n) preface; introduction   [K] [D] [Jisho]

Other Popular Words Not Classified by JLPT

  •   [せんぜん]
    (n-adv,n-t) pre-war days   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんてい]
    (n) front garden; front yard   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [せいぜん]
    (n-adv,n-t) while alive; during one's lifetime   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • し   [まえだおし]
    (n) acceleration (of payment schedule)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [まえがしら]
    (n) fifth grade sumo wrestler   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんじつ]
    (n-adv,n-t) previous day; the day before   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ちゅうぜん]
    (n) front of center field   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんねん]
    (n-adv,n-t) the preceding year; last year   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [いちにんまえ]
    (n) (1) adult; full manhood or womanhood; (2) one helping; one portion   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんねんど]
    (n-adv,n) preceding fiscal year   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [まえうりけん]
    ticket sold in advance   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ひるまえ]
    (n-adv,n-t) forenoon; just before noon   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さいぜんせん]
    (n) foremost line   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さいぜんれつ]
    front row   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんはんせん]
    first half of the game or match   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [でまえ]
    (n) catering; meal delivery service   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きまえ]
    (n) generosity   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんぶ]
    (n) front part; fore; front   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • い   [まえばらい]
    (n) payment in advance   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんぶん]
    (n) preamble; the above statement   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんぽう]
    (n) forward; frontward   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [もちまえ]
    (n) one's nature; characteristic   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんぽうこうえんふん]
    (n) ancient Imperial graves   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんめん]
    (n) front part; frontage; facade   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんや]
    (n-adv,n-t) last night; the previous night   [K] [D] [Jisho]
Find more details for at, Yookoso! or WWWJDIC


The sofware used to generate this kanji information uses the EDICT and KANJIDIC files. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group at Monash University and are used in conformance with the Group's license.

NOTE: I converted the sources just mentioned years ago and have never really updated so there may be some missing or incorrect information that has been addressed in the original sources but not here.

The first Stroke Order image used on this page is courtesy of Ulrich Apel's excellent open source KanjiVG project. The second image is from the folks at the excellent Jisho Japanese-English dictionary site and it too is based on KanjiVG.

Classifying the kanji and popular vocabulary by the new JLPT levels was done by consulting Jonathan Waller‘s JLPT Resources page, renshuu, Wictionary, and Nihongo Ichiban.

The Henshall Mnemonics are the copyright of Tuttle Publishing and are the result of the hard work by Professor Henshall. See the list I used here.

If you are curious about the lexicography shown in the word definitions, visit the WWWJDIC abbreviations and codes guide and the JMdict/Edict Lexicographical details page.