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Kanji Information Sheet for 前  ( PDF version of this Kanji PDF version )

stroke order illustration  
English:
in front
before
On-Yomi:
ゼン
Kun-Yomi:
まえ
-まえ
さき
さと
まい
Bushu (Radical) Info:
八 (はちがしら) – eight
刀 (かたな) – sword
刈 (ガイ, カイ, か.る, かっ かり) – reap; cut; clip; trim; prune
Henshall Mnemonic: before cutting meat cut horns
Levels: JLPT N5 | JLPT 4 (old) | Grade 2
Frequency: #27 of the 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Common Words and/or Phrases Using this Kanji:

Click any individual kanji to view a similar information sheet for it.
Click [K] to look up the word's individual character(s) at WWWJDIC.
Click [D] to look up the word at WWWJDIC (definition is the same but other useful features exist).

Click [Jisho] to look up the word at Jisho.org.

JLPT N5 Words

  •   [ごぜん]
    (n-adv,n-t) morning; a.m.   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [まえ]
    (n-adv,n-t,suf) (1) before; in front; fore part; ago; previously; (2) head (of a line); (3) in the presence of; lady (so-and-so); (4) (five minutes) to; (5) helping; portion   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [なまえ]
    (n) name   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N3 Words

  •   [おまえ]
    (n) (1) (fam) you (sing); (2) presence (of a high personage)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [いぜん]
    (n-adv,n-t) ago; since; before; previous   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんしゃ]
    (n) the former   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんしん]
    (n) advance; drive; progress   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんはん]
    (n) first half   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N2 Words

  •   [てまえ]
    (n) before; this side; we; you   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜん]
    (n-adv,n,n-suf,pref) before; ago; former; previous; one-time; the above   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんご]
    (n-adv,suf) around; throughout; front and back; before and behind; before and after; about that (time); longitudinal; context; nearly; approximately   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ちょくぜん]
    (n-adv,n-t) just before   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N1 Words

  •   [たてまえ]
    (n) face; official stance; public position or attitude (as opposed to private thoughts)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [じぜん]
    (adj-no,n) prior; beforehand; in advance   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • もって   [まえもって]
    (adv) in advance; beforehand; previously   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • き   [まえおき]
    (n) preface; introduction   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんてい]
    (n) preamble; premise; reason; prerequisite   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんと]
    (n) future prospects; outlook; the journey ahead   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • り   [まえうり]
    (n) advance sale; booking   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんれい]
    (n) precedent   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • たり   [あたりまえ]
    (adj-na,adj-no,n) usual; common; ordinary; natural; reasonable; obvious   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [うでまえ]
    (n) ability; skill; facility   [K] [D] [Jisho]

Other Popular Words Not Classified by JLPT

  •   [いちにんまえ]
    (n) (1) adult; full manhood or womanhood; (2) one helping; one portion   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [えきまえ]
    (n) in front of station   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きまえ]
    (n) generosity   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [きげんぜん]
    (n-adv,n-t) pre-era; B.C.   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [くうぜん]
    (adj-no,n) unprecedented; record-breaking   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [たてまえ]
    (n) face; official stance; public position or attitude (as opposed to private thoughts)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [おまえ]
    (n) (1) (fam) you (sing); (2) presence (of a high personage)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ひだりまえ]
    (n) downward course; being badly off; wearing a kimono with the right side tucked under the left   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さいぜんせん]
    (n) foremost line   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さいぜんれつ]
    front row   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [もちまえ]
    (n) one's nature; characteristic   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [じまえ]
    (n) at one's own expense   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [でまえ]
    (n) catering; meal delivery service   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [にんまえ]
    portion of food   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ひとまえ]
    (n) the public; company   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [すんぜん]
    (n) on the verge; just in front of   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [せいぜん]
    (n-adv,n-t) while alive; during one's lifetime   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [せんぜん]
    (n-adv,n-t) pre-war days   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • 々   [まえまえ]
    (n) beforehand; for a long time   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんえい]
    (n) advance guard; vanguard   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんかい]
    (n-adv,n-t) last time; last installment; last session   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんき]
    (n-adv,n-t) first term; first half-year; preceding period; early period   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぜんき]
    (adj-no,n) aforesaid; above-mentioned; said; above   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • き   [まえむき]
    (adj-na,n) facing forward; positively   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • り   [まえがり]
    (n) advance (in pay); loan   [K] [D] [Jisho]
Find more details for at jisho.org, Yookoso! or WWWJDIC

Acknowledgments

The sofware used to generate this kanji information uses the EDICT and KANJIDIC files. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group at Monash University and are used in conformance with the Group's license.

NOTE: I converted the sources just mentioned years ago and have never really updated so there may be some missing or incorrect information that has been addressed in the original sources but not here.

The first Stroke Order image used on this page is courtesy of Ulrich Apel's excellent open source KanjiVG project. The second image is from the folks at the excellent Jisho Japanese-English dictionary site and it too is based on KanjiVG.

Classifying the kanji and popular vocabulary by the new JLPT levels was done by consulting Jonathan Waller‘s JLPT Resources page, renshuu, Wictionary, and Nihongo Ichiban.

The Henshall Mnemonics are the copyright of Tuttle Publishing and are the result of the hard work by Professor Henshall. See the list I used here.

If you are curious about the lexicography shown in the word definitions, visit the WWWJDIC abbreviations and codes guide and the JMdict/Edict Lexicographical details page.