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Kanji Information Sheet for 余  ( PDF version of this Kanji PDF version )

stroke order illustration  
too much
Bushu (Radical) Info:
人 (ひと) – person
化 (カ, ケ, ば.ける, ば.かす, ふ.ける, け.する) – change; take the form of; influence; enchant; delude; -ization
个 (カ , コ, こ, ひ) – counter for articles; individual
Henshall Mnemonic: eight excessively dry beams under ample roof
Levels: JLPT N3 | JLPT 2 (old) | Grade 5
Frequency: #680 of the 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Common Words and/or Phrases Using this Kanji:

Click any individual kanji to view a similar information sheet for it.
Click [K] to look up the word's individual character(s) at WWWJDIC.
Click [D] to look up the word at WWWJDIC (definition is the same but other useful features exist).

Click [Jisho] to look up the word at

JLPT N5 Words

  • り   [あまり]
    (adj-na,adv,n,n-suf) (uk) not very (this form only used as adverb); not much; remainder; rest; remnant; surplus; balance; excess; remains; scraps; residue; fullness; other; too much   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N3 Words

  •   [よぶん]
    (adj-na,n) extra; excess; surplus   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [よゆう]
    (n) surplus; composure; margin; room; time; allowance; scope; rope   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • り   [あんまり]
    (adj-na,adv,n,n-suf) (uk) not very (this form only used as adverb); not much; remainder; rest; remnant; surplus; balance; excess; remains; scraps; residue; fullness; other; too much   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N2 Words

  • る   [あまる]
    (v5r) to remain; to be left over; to be in excess; to be too many   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [よけい]
    (adj-na,adv,n) too much; unnecessary; abundance; surplus; excess; superfluity   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [よそ]
    (n) another place; somewhere else; strange parts   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N1 Words

  •   [よち]
    (n) place; room; margin; scope   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [よほど]
    (adv) very; greatly; much; to a large extent; quite   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [よか]
    (n) leisure; leisure time; spare time   [K] [D] [Jisho]

Other Popular Words Not Classified by JLPT

  •   [よだん]
    (n) digression; sequel (of a story)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [じょうよきん]
    (n) surplus; balance   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [よねん]
    (n) another idea   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [よは]
    (n) after-effect; secondary effect; sequel; consequence; aftermath; trail (of a storm)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [よめい]
    (n) remainder of one's life; one's remaining years   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [よりょく]
    (n) spare energy, time or money; remaining strength; reserve power; money to spare   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • す   [あます]
    (v5s) to save; to leave over; to spare   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [よっぽど]
    (adv) very; greatly; much; to a large extent; quite   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • りに   [あまりに]
    (adv) (uk) too much; excessively; too   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [よいん]
    (n) reverberation; swelling (of a hymn); trailing note; lingering memory   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • ない   [よぎない]
    (adj) unavoidable; inevitable; beyond one's control   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • なく   [よぎなく]
    (adv) unavoidably   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [よじょう]
    (n) redundant; surplus; residue; balance   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [よしん]
    (n) aftershock   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [よじん]
    (n) others; other people   [K] [D] [Jisho]
Find more details for at, Yookoso! or WWWJDIC


The sofware used to generate this kanji information uses the EDICT and KANJIDIC files. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group at Monash University and are used in conformance with the Group's license.

NOTE: I converted the sources just mentioned years ago and have never really updated so there may be some missing or incorrect information that has been addressed in the original sources but not here.

The first Stroke Order image used on this page is courtesy of Ulrich Apel's excellent open source KanjiVG project. The second image is from the folks at the excellent Jisho Japanese-English dictionary site and it too is based on KanjiVG.

Classifying the kanji and popular vocabulary by the new JLPT levels was done by consulting Jonathan Waller‘s JLPT Resources page, renshuu, Wictionary, and Nihongo Ichiban.

The Henshall Mnemonics are the copyright of Tuttle Publishing and are the result of the hard work by Professor Henshall. See the list I used here.

If you are curious about the lexicography shown in the word definitions, visit the WWWJDIC abbreviations and codes guide and the JMdict/Edict Lexicographical details page.