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Kanji Information Sheet for 冷  ( PDF version of this Kanji PDF version )

stroke order illustration  
cold (beer, person)
Bushu (Radical) Info: 冫 (にすい) – water drops
Henshall Mnemonic: ice rules in freezing cold
Levels: JLPT N3 | JLPT 2 (old) | Grade 4
Frequency: #667 of the 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Common Words and/or Phrases Using this Kanji:

Click any individual kanji to view a similar information sheet for it.
Click [K] to look up the word's individual character(s) at WWWJDIC.
Click [D] to look up the word at WWWJDIC (definition is the same but other useful features exist).

Click [Jisho] to look up the word at

JLPT N5 Words

  •   [れいぞうこ]
    (n) refrigerator   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • たい   [つめたい]
    (adj) cold (to the touch); chilly; icy; freezing; coldhearted   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N4 Words

  •   [れいぼう]
    (n) cooling; air-conditioning   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • える   [ひえる]
    (v1,vi) to grow cold; to get chilly; to cool down   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N3 Words

  •   [れいせい]
    (adj-na,n) calm; composure; coolness; serenity   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N2 Words

  •   [れいとう]
    (n,vs) freezing; cold storage; refrigeration   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • ます   [さます]
    (v5s,vt) to cool; to dampen; to let cool; to throw a damper on; to spoil   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • める   [さめる]
    (v1) to become cool; to wear off; to abate; to subside; to dampen; to cool down (interest); to come down (fever)   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • やす   [ひやす]
    (v5s,vt) to cool; to refrigerate   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N1 Words

  •   [れいこく]
    (adj-na,n) cruelty; coldheartedness; relentless; ruthless   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [れいぞう]
    (n) cold storage; refrigeration   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [れいたん]
    (adj-na,n) coolness; indifference   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • やかす   [ひやかす]
    (v5s) to banter; to make fun of; to jeer at; to cool; to refrigerate   [K] [D] [Jisho]

Other Popular Words Not Classified by JLPT

  •   [れいきゃく]
    (n,vs) cooling; refrigeration   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [れいぐう]
    (n) cold reception; inhospitality   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [れいしょう]
    (n) derision; derisive laughter; scornful laugh   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [れいすい]
    (n) cold water   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [かんれい]
    (adj-na,n) cold; coldness; chilliness   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [れいせん]
    (n) cold war   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [れいだんぼう]
    (n) air-conditioning   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [れいてつ]
    (adj-na,n) cool-headedness   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • え   [ねびえ]
    (n) get chilled while asleep   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • え   [ひえ]
    (n) chilling exposure   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • む   [ひえこむ]
    (v5m) to get colder; to get chilled   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • や   [ひや]
    (n) cold water; cold sake   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • ややか   [ひややか]
    (adj-na,n) cold; chilly; cool; indifferent; cold-hearted; surly; curt; composed   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ひやあせ]
    (n) cold sweat   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [れいか]
    (n) a cool summer   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [れいがい]
    (n) cold-weather damage   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ひやあせ]
    (n) cold sweat   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [れいかん]
    (n) cold sweat   [K] [D] [Jisho]
Find more details for at, Yookoso! or WWWJDIC


The sofware used to generate this kanji information uses the EDICT and KANJIDIC files. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group at Monash University and are used in conformance with the Group's license.

NOTE: I converted the sources just mentioned years ago and have never really updated so there may be some missing or incorrect information that has been addressed in the original sources but not here.

The first Stroke Order image used on this page is courtesy of Ulrich Apel's excellent open source KanjiVG project. The second image is from the folks at the excellent Jisho Japanese-English dictionary site and it too is based on KanjiVG.

Classifying the kanji and popular vocabulary by the new JLPT levels was done by consulting Jonathan Waller‘s JLPT Resources page, renshuu, Wictionary, and Nihongo Ichiban.

The Henshall Mnemonics are the copyright of Tuttle Publishing and are the result of the hard work by Professor Henshall. See the list I used here.

If you are curious about the lexicography shown in the word definitions, visit the WWWJDIC abbreviations and codes guide and the JMdict/Edict Lexicographical details page.