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Kanji Information Sheet for 難  ( PDF version of this Kanji PDF version )

stroke order illustration  

Bushu (Radical) Info: 隹 (ふるとり) – old bird
Henshall Mnemonic: bird in trouble in waterless Han China
Levels: JLPT N3 | JLPT 2 (old) | Grade 6
Frequency: #330 of the 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Common Words and/or Phrases Using this Kanji:

Click any individual kanji to view a similar information sheet for it.
Click [K] to look up the word's individual character(s) at WWWJDIC.
Click [D] to look up the word at WWWJDIC (definition is the same but other useful features exist).

Click [Jisho] to look up the word at

JLPT N5 Words

  • しい   [むずかしい]
    (adj) difficult   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N4 Words

  • い   [にくい]
    (adj,suf) difficult; hard   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N3 Words

  • う   [ありがとう]
    (conj,exp,int) (uk) Thank you   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [こんなん]
    (adj-na,n) difficulty; distress   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N2 Words

  •   [とうなん]
    (n) theft; robbery   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [さいなん]
    (n) calamity; misfortune   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • い   [ありがたい]
    (adj) grateful; thankful; welcome; appreciated; evoking gratitude   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N1 Words

  •   [ひなん]
    (n,vs) blame; attack; criticism   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [そうなん]
    (n) disaster; shipwreck; accident   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [なん]
    (n,n-suf) difficulty; hardships; defect   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • い   [かたい]
    (adj,suf) difficult; hard   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ぶなん]
    (adj-na,n) safety; security   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ひなん]
    (n,vs) taking refuge; finding shelter   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • う   [ありがとう]
    (io) (conj,exp,int) (uk) Thank you   [K] [D] [Jisho]

Other Popular Words Not Classified by JLPT

  •   [くなん]
    (n) trial   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • しい   [きむずかしい]
    (adj) hard to please; moody; crusty; fastidious   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [じゅなん]
    (n) suffering; agony; passion   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ざいせいなん]
    (n) economic difficulties   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • い   [ありがたい]
    (adj) grateful; thankful; welcome; appreciated; evoking gratitude   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [じゅんなん]
    (n) martyrdom   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [かいなん]
    (n) shipwreck   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [たなん]
    (adj-na,n) full of troubles, difficulties   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [しなん]
    (adj-na,adj-no,n) most difficult; next to impossible   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • なく   [なんなく]
    (adv) easily   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [なんい]
    (n) difficulty; relative difficulty   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [なんかい]
    (adj-na,n) difficult   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [なんかん]
    (n) barrier   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [なんきょく]
    (n) difficult situation   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [なんこう]
    (n) stormy passage   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [ひなんみん]
    (n) refugees; evacuees   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [なんしょく]
    (n) disapproval   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [なんだい]
    (n) difficult theme   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [なんちょう]
    (n) deafness   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [なんてん]
    (n) fault; weakness   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [なんびょう]
    (n) incurable disease   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [なんみん]
    (n) refugees   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [なんもん]
    (n) perplexity; difficult question; difficult problem   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • どうもう   [どうもありがとう]
    (exp) Thank you   [K] [D] [Jisho]
Find more details for at, Yookoso! or WWWJDIC


The sofware used to generate this kanji information uses the EDICT and KANJIDIC files. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group at Monash University and are used in conformance with the Group's license.

NOTE: I converted the sources just mentioned years ago and have never really updated so there may be some missing or incorrect information that has been addressed in the original sources but not here.

The first Stroke Order image used on this page is courtesy of Ulrich Apel's excellent open source KanjiVG project. The second image is from the folks at the excellent Jisho Japanese-English dictionary site and it too is based on KanjiVG.

Classifying the kanji and popular vocabulary by the new JLPT levels was done by consulting Jonathan Waller‘s JLPT Resources page, renshuu, Wictionary, and Nihongo Ichiban.

The Henshall Mnemonics are the copyright of Tuttle Publishing and are the result of the hard work by Professor Henshall. See the list I used here.

If you are curious about the lexicography shown in the word definitions, visit the WWWJDIC abbreviations and codes guide and the JMdict/Edict Lexicographical details page.