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Kanji Information Sheet for 返  ( PDF version of this Kanji PDF version )

stroke order illustration  
Bushu (Radical) Info:
辷 (しんにゅう, すべ.る, すべ.らす) – road; glide; skate; slip; fail in exams; (kokuji)
込 (-こ.む, こ.む, こ.み, -こ.み, こ.める, こみ, ごめ) – crowded; mixture; in bulk; included; (kokuji)
Henshall Mnemonic: reverse movement and return
Levels: JLPT N3 | JLPT 2 (old) | Grade 3
Frequency: #685 of the 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Common Words and/or Phrases Using this Kanji:

Click any individual kanji to view a similar information sheet for it.
Click [K] to look up the word's individual character(s) at WWWJDIC.
Click [D] to look up the word at WWWJDIC (definition is the same but other useful features exist).

Click [Jisho] to look up the word at

JLPT N5 Words

  • す   [かえす]
    (v5s,vt) to return something   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N4 Words

JLPT N3 Words

  • す   [くりかえす]
    (v5s) to repeat; to do something over again   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N2 Words

  • す   [ひきかえす]
    (v5s) to repeat; to send back; to bring back; to retrace one's steps   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • る   [ひっくりかえる]
    (v5r) to be overturned; to be upset; to topple over; to be reversed   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • す   [ひきかえす]
    (v5s) to repeat; to send back; to bring back; to retrace one's steps   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • す   [うらがえす]
    (v5s) to turn inside out; to turn the other way; to turn (something) over   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N1 Words

  • る   [ふりかえる]
    (v5r) to turn head; to look over one's shoulder; to turn around; to look back   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • す   [おりかえす]
    (v5s) to turn up; to fold back   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • り   [ちゅうがえり]
    (n) somersault; looping-the-loop   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • る   [かえる]
    (v5r) to return; to come back; to go back   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [へんかん]
    (n,vs) return; restoration   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [へんさい]
    (n,vs) repayment   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [へんとう]
    (n) reply   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • し   [うらがえし]
    (n) inside out; upside down   [K] [D] [Jisho]

Other Popular Words Not Classified by JLPT

  • し   [おかえし]
    (n) return gift; revenge; change   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • し   [おんがえし]
    (n) requital of a favour   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • し   [まきかえし]
    (n) rally; recovery; rollback   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • し   [くりかえし]
    (n) repetition; reiteration   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • す   [みかえす]
    (v5s) to look (stare) back at; to triumph over   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • り   [みかえり]
    (n) collateral   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • す   [いいかえす]
    (v5s) to repeat; to talk back; to answer back   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • り   [わかがえり]
    (n) rejuvenation; restoration of youth   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • す   [とりかえす]
    (v5s) to regain; to recover; to get back   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • す   [むしかえす]
    (v5s) to reheat; to steam over; to bring up again; to take up again a problem that has been dealt with   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • り   [ねがえり]
    (n) turning over while sleeping in bed; betrayal; double-crossing   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • る   [ねがえる]
    (v5r) to change sides; to double-cross; to betray   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • る   [いきかえる]
    (v5r) to revive; to come to oneself; to be restored to life   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • る   [いきかえる]
    (v5r) to revive; to come to oneself; to be restored to life   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • し   [おりかえし]
    (adv,n) lapel; cuffs; flap; chorus; refrain; repetition   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • す   [おくりかえす]
    (v5s) to send back   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • す   [よみかえす]
    (v5s) to reread; to read again   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • き   [かえりざき]
    (n) comeback (e.g. in business); second bloom; reflowering; reflorescence   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [へんきゃく]
    (n,vs) return of something; repayment   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [へんじょう]
    (n,vs) give up; relinquish; serve up; let loose   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [へんしん]
    (n,vs) reply   [K] [D] [Jisho]
Find more details for at, Yookoso! or WWWJDIC


The sofware used to generate this kanji information uses the EDICT and KANJIDIC files. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group at Monash University and are used in conformance with the Group's license.

NOTE: I converted the sources just mentioned years ago and have never really updated so there may be some missing or incorrect information that has been addressed in the original sources but not here.

The first Stroke Order image used on this page is courtesy of Ulrich Apel's excellent open source KanjiVG project. The second image is from the folks at the excellent Jisho Japanese-English dictionary site and it too is based on KanjiVG.

Classifying the kanji and popular vocabulary by the new JLPT levels was done by consulting Jonathan Waller‘s JLPT Resources page, renshuu, Wictionary, and Nihongo Ichiban.

The Henshall Mnemonics are the copyright of Tuttle Publishing and are the result of the hard work by Professor Henshall. See the list I used here.

If you are curious about the lexicography shown in the word definitions, visit the WWWJDIC abbreviations and codes guide and the JMdict/Edict Lexicographical details page.