Study Japanese language, Kanji; learn about Japanese travel, culture, life, music (JPOP) and more

Kanji Study

You can use this page to randomly display a Kanji, display a specific Kanji or display a previous Kanji of the Day from the mailing lists.

Display random Jōyō Kanji

Display random kanji by grade level: Grade 1  |   Grade 2  |   Grade 3  |   Grade 4  |   Grade 5  |   Grade 6

Display random kanji by JLPT level: N1  |   N2  |   N3  |   N4  |   N5

Find a previous mailing list Kanji:    

Find a specific Kanji:  

Kanji Information Sheet for 返  ( PDF version of this Kanji PDF version )

stroke order illustration  
Bushu (Radical) Info:
辷 (しんにゅう, すべ.る, すべ.らす) – road; glide; skate; slip; fail in exams; (kokuji)
込 (-こ.む, こ.む, こ.み, -こ.み, こ.める, こみ, ごめ) – crowded; mixture; in bulk; included; (kokuji)
Henshall Mnemonic: reverse movement and return
Levels: JLPT N3 | JLPT 2 (old) | Grade 3
Frequency: #685 of the 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Common Words and/or Phrases Using this Kanji:

Click any individual kanji to view a similar information sheet for it.
Click [K] to look up the word's individual character(s) at WWWJDIC.
Click [D] to look up the word at WWWJDIC (definition is the same but other useful features exist).

Click [Jisho] to look up the word at

JLPT N5 Words

  • す   [かえす]
    (v5s,vt) to return something   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N4 Words

JLPT N3 Words

  • す   [くりかえす]
    (v5s) to repeat; to do something over again   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N2 Words

  • す   [ひきかえす]
    (v5s) to repeat; to send back; to bring back; to retrace one's steps   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • る   [ひっくりかえる]
    (v5r) to be overturned; to be upset; to topple over; to be reversed   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • す   [うらがえす]
    (v5s) to turn inside out; to turn the other way; to turn (something) over   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • す   [ひきかえす]
    (v5s) to repeat; to send back; to bring back; to retrace one's steps   [K] [D] [Jisho]

JLPT N1 Words

  • る   [かえる]
    (v5r) to return; to come back; to go back   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [へんかん]
    (n,vs) return; restoration   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [へんさい]
    (n,vs) repayment   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [へんとう]
    (n) reply   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • す   [おりかえす]
    (v5s) to turn up; to fold back   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • る   [ふりかえる]
    (v5r) to turn head; to look over one's shoulder; to turn around; to look back   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • し   [うらがえし]
    (n) inside out; upside down   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • り   [ちゅうがえり]
    (n) somersault; looping-the-loop   [K] [D] [Jisho]

Other Popular Words Not Classified by JLPT

  • す   [みかえす]
    (v5s) to look (stare) back at; to triumph over   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • り   [みかえり]
    (n) collateral   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • り   [わかがえり]
    (n) rejuvenation; restoration of youth   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • す   [おくりかえす]
    (v5s) to send back   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • き   [かえりざき]
    (n) comeback (e.g. in business); second bloom; reflowering; reflorescence   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • す   [いいかえす]
    (v5s) to repeat; to talk back; to answer back   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [へんきゃく]
    (n,vs) return of something; repayment   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • る   [いきかえる]
    (v5r) to revive; to come to oneself; to be restored to life   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [へんじょう]
    (n,vs) give up; relinquish; serve up; let loose   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  •   [へんしん]
    (n,vs) reply   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • る   [いきかえる]
    (v5r) to revive; to come to oneself; to be restored to life   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • す   [むしかえす]
    (v5s) to reheat; to steam over; to bring up again; to take up again a problem that has been dealt with   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • し   [おりかえし]
    (adv,n) lapel; cuffs; flap; chorus; refrain; repetition   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • し   [くりかえし]
    (n) repetition; reiteration   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • す   [よみかえす]
    (v5s) to reread; to read again   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • し   [まきかえし]
    (n) rally; recovery; rollback   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • り   [ねがえり]
    (n) turning over while sleeping in bed; betrayal; double-crossing   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • る   [ねがえる]
    (v5r) to change sides; to double-cross; to betray   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • し   [おんがえし]
    (n) requital of a favour   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • す   [とりかえす]
    (v5s) to regain; to recover; to get back   [K] [D] [Jisho]
  • し   [おかえし]
    (n) return gift; revenge; change   [K] [D] [Jisho]
Find more details for at, Yookoso! or WWWJDIC


The sofware used to generate this kanji information uses the EDICT and KANJIDIC files. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group at Monash University and are used in conformance with the Group's license.

NOTE: I converted the sources just mentioned years ago and have never really updated so there may be some missing or incorrect information that has been addressed in the original sources but not here.

The first Stroke Order image used on this page is courtesy of Ulrich Apel's excellent open source KanjiVG project. The second image is from the folks at the excellent Jisho Japanese-English dictionary site and it too is based on KanjiVG.

Classifying the kanji and popular vocabulary by the new JLPT levels was done by consulting Jonathan Waller‘s JLPT Resources page, renshuu, Wictionary, and Nihongo Ichiban.

The Henshall Mnemonics are the copyright of Tuttle Publishing and are the result of the hard work by Professor Henshall. See the list I used here.

If you are curious about the lexicography shown in the word definitions, visit the WWWJDIC abbreviations and codes guide and the JMdict/Edict Lexicographical details page.